Wednesday, 16 October 2013
COP3//HISTORICAL RESEARCH: TIMELINE//OUGD601
This is a condensed timeline of historical events that make up the history of the tube
The London underground: a condensed history
From the opening of the first line in 1863 to present-day record-breaking passenger numbers, here are the key years in the history of the tube
The world's first underground train line, the Metropolitan Railway, opens from Paddington to Farringdon Street.
What became the District line opens between Westminster and South Kensington on Christmas Eve.
Line, then the East London Railway, opens between Wapping and New Cross.
The Inner Circle (now Circle) line opens, connecting the Metropolitan and District lines.
The Central line, then the Central London Railway, opens between Shepherd's Bush and Bank.
The District and Circle lines switch from steam power to electricity.
The Piccadilly line opens from Hammersmith to Finsbury Park and the Bakerloo opens between Baker Street and Kennington Road.
Earl's Court becomes the first station to install the tube's now famous escalators.
The Northern line opens, joining the City and South London Railway with the Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway.
Draughtsman Harry Beck devises the first "diagrammatic" tube map, of the kind still used today.
Tube platforms are used as air raid shelters throughout the second world war.
A collision in the tunnels outside Stratford station kills 12 passengers.
The Victoria Line opens after 25 years of planning and construction.
The worst crash in the history of the tube kills 43 people at Moorgate station.
The Jubilee line opens, running between Charing Cross and Baker Street.
A fire at King's Cross station kills 31 people.
Oyster cards are introduced and busking legalised in tube stations.
The 7/7 terrorist attacks kill 39 passengers in tunnels near Liverpool Street, Edgware Road and King's Cross stations.
The London Underground reaches a record one billion passengers in a single year.
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