DIFFERENT TYPES OF PAPER FOR PRINT:
The correct printing paper can enhance a project. Choose the wrong paper and no matter how perfect your project, the result will be less than perfect when printed. With a bit of information about the types of printing papers available, you can choose a paper made for the type of printing you require.
Uncoated finishes have no waxy coating. They may have surface lines such as linen embedded in them or they may be smooth. Linen is often used as high quality stationery.
Printing paper comes in different brightness levels measured from 1 to 100. The highest numbers, reflecting the most light, make reading difficult but are best for photo printing.
Papers come in different thicknesses, also known as its weight. Common printing paper has a weight of 20 lbs. while the heaviest cover stock has a weight up to 120 lbs.
Paper also comes in different levels of opacity, which simply means how much items printed on it will show through to the other side. Opacity is measured from 0, meaning transparent, to 100, meaning completely opaque.
The most common type of printer paper, matte paper, is typically used for daily printing jobs. It has a white coating which dries quickly upon absorbing ink. This is usually sold commercially as multipurpose paper.
Photo paper is usually thicker than matte paper. This is to accommodate the significant amount of ink and toner used in printing photos and other rich media. A common type of photo paper is glossy. It has a shiny coating which quickly absorbs ink. According to theofficeguide.com, the most common size of consumer photo paper is 4" x 6".
COATED vs UNCOATED:
As the name suggests, coated paper has a coating, usually of china clay, which gives it a smooth finish. Coated papers are available in a gloss, silk (sometimes called satin) or matt finish and are used for projects requiring a fine finish, which is why coated paper is sometimes referred to as ‘art’ paper. Most of the leaflets you get through your letterbox, the glossy brochures you pick up from the travel agent and the fancy programmes you buy at concerts are printed onto coated paper.
Uncoated paper doesn’t have a coating and is therefore not as smooth as coated paper. You will use uncoated paper in your laser printer and photocopier. Premium quality uncoated papers are used for business stationery and are becoming increasingly popular for use in prestigious brochures and catalogues as an alternative to the more commonly used coated papers. Uncoated papers are available in a range of finishes: